Blood pressure measures how much force a person’s blood is putting on the artery walls as the heart pumps. High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when that person’s heart has to work extra hard to pump blood throughout the body. High blood pressure often happens when arteries lose their elasticity through hardening caused by cholesterol, plaque or scarring.
Many people do not experience symptoms of high blood pressure. It’s important to compare your blood pressure measurements to a standardized blood pressure chart like the one below.
For more information download our High Blood Pressure fact Sheet
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