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Type 2 Diabetes Screening

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin (the hormone that converts food into energy). There are several types of diabetes, the most common of which is type 2. In fact, about 95% of people with diabetes have type 2.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that has no cure and can cause many serious complications such as eye disease, kidney failure, and nerve damage that can lead to amputation. Having diabetes significantly increases your risk of stroke and heart disease.

Screening for Type 2 Diabetes

  • Blood Glucose screening for Type 2 Diabetes
    • A quick and easy finger-stick screening that measures blood sugar levels following eight hours of fasting, our Blood Glucose test helps identify diabetes —a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke — as well as monitor blood sugar levels for those already diagnosed with the disease.

Who should have a Blood Glucose screening?

  • Anyone who has risk factors for diabetes
  • People aged 45 and over
  • Adults with high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels

How often should I get a Blood Glucose screening?

  • People aged 45 and over should get screened every three years

*Recommended guidelines only. Consult with your physician.

How do I prepare for a Blood Glucose screening?

  • You must fast (no food or drink, other than water) for 12 hours before your glucose screening.

Warning signs

Most people with type 2 diabetes live with it for years without realizing that they have it. Many learn they have diabetes only after it causes one of its complications, such as heart disease, stroke, eye damage, nerve damage, and kidney disease. However, these are symptoms some people experience:

  • Frequent urination
  • Unusual thirst
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Frequent infections
  • Blurred vision
  • Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands and feet
  • Recurring skin, gum or bladder infections

Risk factors

  • Age
  • Family history
  • Race and ethnicity (African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, American Indians, and Alaska Natives are at an increased risk)
  • Gestational diabetes (diabetes occurring during pregnancy), or delivering a baby weighing nine pounds or more at birth
  • Being overweight
  • Physical inactivity
  • Low HDL "good" cholesterol
  • High triglycerides
  • High blood pressure
  • Abnormal fasting glucose screening results

For more information download our Type 2 Diabetes Fact Sheet

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