Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Test
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a condition in which the large and medium-sized arteries supplying blood to the legs become narrow or clogged with plaque, constricting the flow of blood. Peripheral artery disease (also known as peripheral arterial disease) is atherosclerosis (more commonly known as hardening of the arteries) occurring in the limbs. Peripheral artery disease may be an indication that atherosclerosis is also present in other areas of the body.
PAD reduces blood flow to the feet and legs and can cause pain in the feet and legs, as well as lead to tissue death (gangrene). People with diabetes and a history of smoking are most at risk of developing peripheral artery disease because circulation is reduced by diabetes and smoking. If this describes you, you could benefit from a peripheral artery disease test.
About Peripheral Artery Disease
The risk of developing PAD increases for both men and women as they age. Treating and managing any existing medical conditions, primarily diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol, can help reduce the risk of developing peripheral artery disease. The most important action you can take to mitigate the risk of developing PAD or any vascular disease is to quit smoking. Adults diagnosed with peripheral artery disease are at higher risk of developing heart disease or having a stroke. That's one reason a simple, non-invasive PAD test is so valuable.
PAD Test Details
Warning Signs to Consider Peripheral Arterial Disease Screening
- Pain in the legs that is relieved by resting
- Smooth, shiny skin on the lower legs and feet
- Skin that is cool to the touch
- Wounds on the feet and legs that don't heal, or that heal very slowly
- Constant leg pain, tingling, burning, or loss of all sensation
Risk Factors for Peripheral Artery Disease
- Family history of cardiovascular disease or stroke
- Tobacco usage, past or present
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure