Prostate cancer is a serious disease that affects men typically over the age of 50. It's important to be able to recognize the signs of this potentially deadly cancer so you can take the necessary steps to monitor and treat it. Here are some of the common warning signs of prostate cancer.
Sudden changes in urination
Your prostate gland is located just under your bladder and surrounds the urethra. This means that when you urinate, your bladder pushes its contents into the urethra and thus "through" the prostate gland. A tumor growth will change the size of your prostate which will, in turn, put pressure on both your bladder and your urethra. Ultimately, this could cause complications and changes in your urination. You might experience painful urination, frequent urination, loss of bladder control, or a reduced urinary velocity or flow.
Blood in urine or semen
Another hallmark sign of prostate cancer is blood showing up in your urine or your semen. This is not normal, and you should go to a doctor right away if you notice it. Bloody urine or semen might not mean prostate cancer, but it always means that you are experiencing a serious medical issue, like inflammation or infection.
Pain or stiffness
Sometimes prostate cancer can spread to areas outside of your prostate gland, which can affect the tissues and bones nearby. If you are suffering from prostate cancer, you will probably experience pain and stiffness in your legs, lower back, hips, and pelvis. You may also notice that these areas feel numb or tight from time to time, depending on where the cancer is located.
Prostate cancer screening tests
Prostate cancer screening tests are preventive health screenings you can get through your doctor or at community screenings. These medical screenings are important because early detection by way of preventive screening of cancer can significantly increase your chances of survival. Additionally, prostate cancer does not always have early warning signs, making the screenings even more important.
Roughly one of out nine men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point during their lifetime. If you notice any of these signs and symptoms listed above, or even if you don't, it's time to think about prostate cancer screening tests. Talk to your doctor about your risk.